Case Number 115070 - Nanofiber Synthetic Brain
Contact: Geoffrey Pinski
Description: Current activities in brain neuroscience research focus on cognitive processes, mapping of neuronal activity in ever-larger segments, in-silico simulations and experiments. Given the number of neurons and the complex neural interconnection web that exist in the human brain, it is unlikely that an artificial brain of significant size can be achieved using approaches based on semiconductor devices.
The University of Cincinnati, led by Dr. Andrew Steckl, has developed the possibility of a “real artificial” brain that will duplicate as much as possible the functions and the look-and-feel of an actual working brain.
Using polymer fibers formed by electrospinning, we have created non-woven membranes whose physical structure closely resembles that of a neuronal array, including the diameter and length of the fibers being comparable. Further, the number of fiber cross-connects in a typical membrane are on the same order as the synapse density in the brain. Finally, our membranes exhibit an electrical conductance range which covers the typical axon conductance.